Present Perfect

Ok so we have been tackling this terribly difficult verb tense to put into practice.

Theoretically we understand it:

1. Unspecific

2. Repetitive action in the past

3. Started in the past but unfinished

Here is why I think it is so confusing for most people.

  • For and since can both be used with the past perfect.
  • Since can only be used with perfect tenses, for can also be used with the simple past.

Here is a great video compilation where you can hear it being used in every day situations.  Enjoy!

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Giving

Before I introduce you to one of the best advertisements I have seen (present perfect) in a long time, I want you to tell me what you think it will be about (practicing your future tense of course). In the first frame of the ad you can see a young Asian looking girl that appears to be reading something. What do you think she is reading? Where do you think she is? Based on the title I have given (present perfect again) the video, what do you think the video will be about?

Now, start the video but stop it at 0.55 seconds.

What sort of presumptions do you have about this clip?

Start the video again.

After watching the short ad, were your presumptions true?

What do you find interesting about this ad? Did you like it? What did it make you feel?

Who do you think the company TRUE MOVE is?

As a homework or extra writing assignment, tell me of a time someone did something for you that you will never forget, something you would like to repay at some point in your life. Keep in mind the rules of present perfect.

What happened?

I have been doing a lot of thinking regarding the schedule of introducing different verb tenses and here is what I am almost completely convinced of: The past should be introduced almost immediately and simultaneously with the present.

IF we are truly using a communicative approach you will find that your students have a real need to use the past from the very beginning. Which is why, I have complete beginners learning the past right now. How do we do this?

Well, with film, with music, and with storytelling.

For example: Watch the following video. (first with no sound)

What did you see? What did your peers see?

Then play the video again, but this time with sound. Close your eyes and listen to the music.

What did you hear? What did your peers hear?

How did you feel when you watched the movie?

Did it make want to travel?

Gerund or Infinitive?

Do you often get confused about when to use the Infinitive or Gerund? It is normal! The key is memorization, but, here is a quick little review.

Infinitive: I love to run along the river

Gerund: I love running along the river.

Common Verbs Followed by an Infinitive

afford
come
prefer
hope
tend
continue
turn out
ask
decide
deserve
learn
refuse
want
can’t afford
long
wish
can’t bear
would like
can’t stand
can’t wait
get
need
seem
grow up
offer
start

Common verbs followed by Gerund

practice
enjoy
prefer
prevent
understand
allow
appreciate
stop
practice
feel like
prevent
begin
finish
can’t help
give up
quit
start
celebrate
imagine
justify
recommend
keep
continue
regret
mind
miss
suggest
support

And some words can be used by both structures:

*begin* *like* *hate* *want* *try*

Watch the video below (only the first two sections of Infinitive and Gerund – not Bare Infinitive)  Then complete the exercise with either Gerund or Infinitive.

Fill in the blanks with either GERUND OR INFINITIVE.

 

  1. I want_________________(break) free.
  2. I can’t help________________(fall) in love with you.
  3. I need ________________(feel) real love.
  4. I know I tend________________(get) so insecure.
  5. I’d like _________________(make) myself believe.
  6. I don’t mind_______________(spend) every day.
  7. …struggling______________(pay) rent…
  8. Today I don’t feel like_______________(do) anything.
  9. There was a time I used________________(look) into my father’s eyes.
  10. I hate_____________(turn) up out of the blue uninvited.
  11. We refused ________________(run).
  12. A tiger’s waiting_____________(be) tamed, singing…
  13. So I cross my heart and I hope____________(die).
  14. Now, I’m done______________(believe) you.
  15. Tonight we’re going________________(be) getting on the floor.
  16. What am I supposed_______________(do)