Finding Passion

The other day we talked about finding passion in what we do and that not everyone is passionate about science, nor do they express their passion in the same way. But I argue the passion is in how you apply it.

Here is a video of someone doing something different with here scientific knowledge. Click on the photo to see the article.

dna

Gerund or Infinitive?

Do you often get confused about when to use the Infinitive or Gerund? It is normal! The key is memorization, but, here is a quick little review.

Infinitive: I love to run along the river

Gerund: I love running along the river.

Common Verbs Followed by an Infinitive

afford
come
prefer
hope
tend
continue
turn out
ask
decide
deserve
learn
refuse
want
can’t afford
long
wish
can’t bear
would like
can’t stand
can’t wait
get
need
seem
grow up
offer
start

Common verbs followed by Gerund

practice
enjoy
prefer
prevent
understand
allow
appreciate
stop
practice
feel like
prevent
begin
finish
can’t help
give up
quit
start
celebrate
imagine
justify
recommend
keep
continue
regret
mind
miss
suggest
support

And some words can be used by both structures:

*begin* *like* *hate* *want* *try*

Watch the video below (only the first two sections of Infinitive and Gerund – not Bare Infinitive)  Then complete the exercise with either Gerund or Infinitive.

Fill in the blanks with either GERUND OR INFINITIVE.

 

  1. I want_________________(break) free.
  2. I can’t help________________(fall) in love with you.
  3. I need ________________(feel) real love.
  4. I know I tend________________(get) so insecure.
  5. I’d like _________________(make) myself believe.
  6. I don’t mind_______________(spend) every day.
  7. …struggling______________(pay) rent…
  8. Today I don’t feel like_______________(do) anything.
  9. There was a time I used________________(look) into my father’s eyes.
  10. I hate_____________(turn) up out of the blue uninvited.
  11. We refused ________________(run).
  12. A tiger’s waiting_____________(be) tamed, singing…
  13. So I cross my heart and I hope____________(die).
  14. Now, I’m done______________(believe) you.
  15. Tonight we’re going________________(be) getting on the floor.
  16. What am I supposed_______________(do)

The meaning of “pretty”

Pretty

Adjective: attractive in a delicate way without being beautiful.

ej: Will I be pretty when I grow up mommy?

Adverb: To a moderately high degree. (synonyms – quite, rather, enough, fairly, plenty, sufficiently)

ej: He looks pretty good for his age.

What defines our idea of “pretty?”

Are there specific characteristics that most all societies deem pretty? For example, big eyes?

Are there characteristics that, based on the society we live in, are considered ugly?

How are WE defined by the use of this word?

Watch the video below and see how one woman views this word. Do you agree?

http://www.upworthy.com/this-womans-beef-with-prettiness-will-leave-you-speechless?g=4

What did you do?

The verb “do” presents tons of problems for the majority of new English speakers, but, in fact, it is easy to learn, if done properly.

In Spanish we have 1 verb (hacer) to say what in English is divided between 2 words: Make and Do. The difference between the two are the following:

Make is something that needs constructing of involves a process: 

Make a cake, make your bed, make a cup of coffee, etc.

Do is used for activities or daily chores:

Do your hair, do the dishes, do exercise, etc.

There are also a large amount of phrases that are set using do and make. You can see those here.

aprender-ingles-rosario

But that is not the confusing part. That we understand. The part that confuses us is when the verb do is used as an auxiliary verb.

A WHAT!

An auxiliary verb is a verb used to give support to another verb. We could call it a helper verb. The helper verb used to ask questions and make negative responses is do.

Do you want to go dancing tonight?

or we can use it in the past form:

Did you go dancing last night?

Do you like coffee?

No, I do not like coffee (No I don’t like coffee)

Take a look at the structure below.

Did

you

eat

pizza

yesterday?

Auxiliary verb

Subject pronoun

Verb

noun

adverb

 

So, you can never ever ever ever never say:

Know you him?

Firstly because there is no auxiliary word that makes it a questions.

Secondly because the pronoun is out of order

The correct way to ask the question is:

Do you know him?

Take note

When you ask a questions using do in the past, you will use did, in which case, the verb will be in present simple tense.

Did you do the dishes?

If the answer is a negative response you will use the same structure

No, I did not do the dishes.

If the answer is a positive response, the verb will conjugate into the simple past tense.

Yes, I did the dishes (no auxiliary verb)

A fun way to practice this is by asking your friends what they did last night and taking turns answering the questions.

  • Did you drink wine last night?
  • Did you eat in a restaurant last night?
  • Did you sleep in your bed last night?
  • Did you call your mother last night?
  • Did you make a cake last night?

Coincidence??

Has anything ever happened to you that seems unbelievable, incredible and maybe even the work of a mystical magician?

Something that is so strange or so coincidental that there is no easy way to explain what happened?

Some people say, there is no such thing as coincidence, that we are all part of a bigger picture – destiny perhaps,

and others, more logically base their argument on probability.

Either way, I am leaving you here an episode of my favorite radio show:

This American Life is a weekly radio show airing a new topic each week.  This week’s topic: Coincidences.

While you listen to the show, take note of the coincidences that seem to be the most incredible.

Have you ever experienced anything similar?

Tell me about it!

If…would…

Ok, so for most people, the second conditional is something difficult to wrap their head around, but I have found the perfect solution for making it easy.

First: This verb tense is used to describe something that is unreal and has not happened. It has very low probability of happening.

Example: If Leonardo Dicaprio came into the room, I would kiss him.

Second: The structure is as follows:

Clause 1 – If + verb in past simple            Clause 2 – would + verb present simple

These clauses are interchangeable – Clause 1 can come first in the sentence, or clause 2 can come first, but the structure always stays the same.

I would kiss him, if he (Leonardo Dicaprio) came in the room!

Here is a video for you watch where you will be able to hear the structure over and over again.

 

So…Let’s practice!

  • If you had only 24 hours to live, what would you do?
  • If a classmate asked you for the answer to a question during an exam while the teacher was not looking, what would you do?
  • If someone’s underwear was showing, would you tell them?
  • If the whole world were listening, what would you say?
  • If one song were to describe your life, what song would it be?
  • If you bumped your car into another car, but nobody saw you do it, would you leave your name and address?
  • If you could ask God any one question, what would it be?
  • If you could be an animal, what animal would you be?

 

Is it ever too late?

 An 87 Year Old College Student Named Rose

The first day of school our professor introduced himself and challenged us to get to know someone we didn’t already know.  I stood up to look around when a gentle hand touched my shoulder. I turned round to find a wrinkled, little old lady beaming up at me with a smile that lit up her entire being.  She said, “Hi handsome. My name is Rose. I’m eighty-seven years old. Can I give you a hug?”  I laughed and enthusiastically responded, “Of course you may!” and she gave me a giant squeeze.  “Why are you in college at such a young, innocent age?” I asked.

She jokingly replied, “I’m here to meet a rich husband, get married, and have a couple of kids…”
“No seriously,” I asked. I was curious what may have motivated her to be taking on this challenge at her age.  “I always dreamed of having a college education and now I’m getting one!” she told me.  After class we walked to the student union building and shared a chocolate milkshake. We became instant friends. Every day for the next three months, we would leave class together and talk nonstop. I was always mesmerized listening to this “time machine” as she shared her wisdom and experience with me.  Over the course of the year, Rose became a campus icon and she easily made friends wherever she went. She loved to dress up and she reveled in the attention bestowed upon her from the other students. She was living it up.
At the end of the semester we invited Rose to speak at our football banquet. I’ll never forget what she taught us. She was introduced and stepped up to the podium.
As she began to deliver her prepared speech, she dropped her three by five cards on the floor. Frustrated and a little embarrassed she leaned into the microphone and simply said, “I’m sorry I’m so jittery. I gave up beer for Lent and this whiskey is killing me! I’ll never get my speech back in order so let me just tell you what I know.”
As we laughed she cleared her throat and began, “We do not stop playing because we are old; we grow old because we stop playing. There are only four secrets to staying young, being happy, and achieving success. You have to laugh and find humor every day.  You’ve got to have a dream. When you lose your dreams, you die.  We have so many people walking around who are dead and don’t even know it!  There is a huge difference between growing older and growing up.
If you are nineteen years old and lie in bed for one full year and don’t do one productive thing, you will turn twenty years old.  If I am eighty-seven years old and stay in bed for a year and never do anything I will turn eighty-eight.  Anybody can grow older. That doesn’t take any talent or ability. The idea is to grow up by always finding opportunity in change.  Have no regrets.
The elderly usually don’t have regrets for what we did, but rather for things we did not do. The only people who fear death are those with regrets.”  She concluded her speech by courageously singing “The Rose.” She challenged each of us to study the lyrics and live them out in our daily lives.  At the year’s end Rose finished the college degree she had begun all those years ago. One week after graduation Rose died peacefully in her sleep.  Over two thousand college students attended her funeral in tribute to the wonderful woman who taught by example that it’s
never too late to be all you can possibly be.

REMEMBER, GROWING OLDER IS MANDATORY. GROWING UP IS OPTIONAL.

We make a Living by what we get. We make a Life by what we give.

  1. What is the difference between “growing older” and “growing up”?
  2. Is there anything you will regret NOT doing if you were to die tomorrow?
  3. What have you always wanted to do or learn?
  4. According to Rose, what are the 4 secrets to staying young, being happy, and achieving success?