Bravery

What do you suppose it means to be brave?

Can you tell me of a time when you feel/felt brave?

How does the meaning of courageous compare to the meaning of brave? Are they similar?

Watch the video below

 

How did the song make you feel?

Who do you think the song is written about?

What do you think the words outcast and backlash mean?

What do you suppose the phrase “bow down” means?

If I tell you to “stop holding your tongue,” what am I telling you to do?

 

 

Giving

Before I introduce you to one of the best advertisements I have seen (present perfect) in a long time, I want you to tell me what you think it will be about (practicing your future tense of course). In the first frame of the ad you can see a young Asian looking girl that appears to be reading something. What do you think she is reading? Where do you think she is? Based on the title I have given (present perfect again) the video, what do you think the video will be about?

Now, start the video but stop it at 0.55 seconds.

What sort of presumptions do you have about this clip?

Start the video again.

After watching the short ad, were your presumptions true?

What do you find interesting about this ad? Did you like it? What did it make you feel?

Who do you think the company TRUE MOVE is?

As a homework or extra writing assignment, tell me of a time someone did something for you that you will never forget, something you would like to repay at some point in your life. Keep in mind the rules of present perfect.

Guy Claxton in Argentina

It is that time of year again and we are blessed to be able to receive the acclaimed professor Guy Claxton! Wait, let me guess, you have no idea who the guy is. Right? (Sorry, pun is totally intended) Well, Guy Claxton is one of my educational hero. He is better known for his bestseller, “What’s the Point of School,” where he basically criticizes the current standardized educational system and provides a new scientifically and psychologically based frame work to change the way we are teaching youth around the world and essentially change the world into a better place while doing so.

Now, in some counties, these changes are already taking place. And, while Argentina is surprisingly progressive in their methodology on a creative and intuitive level, they are lacking this framework that would allow them to work systematically through their creativity, providing a bit more organization. The good news is, there are dozens of schools eager to innovate their current methodology, and some that are even interested in Mr. Claxton’s theory of Building Learning Power.

One of the local schools here in Rosario is so interested in fact, they have sponsored the upcoming event and have plans in place to begin applying Building Learning Power, not only within the classroom, but rather as an overall innovation of their current framework.

This school is El Colegio Espanol de Rosario.  In fact, their goal is not only to begin changing the culture of their school, but to become the first BLP school in Argentina. THAT is what I call innovative!

colegio-espanol-de-rosario

I am placing flyer here, in the case that any of you are teachers and are interested in attending! Which, I highly recommend you do!

To Do List

How many of you make a “to do list” each day?

How many things on average do you have on your list each day?

Are all of those things very important?

Do they all need to be done TODAY?

Watch the video and see if you agree with the author’s to do list.

What did the author want to do more of and less of?

IF you could make a change today, what would you do MORE of and what would you do LESS of?  Why?

Make a similar list for your self and then share it with the class.

Past Simple

Learning and practicing the simple past can be easy if you do it in context.

Remember – to form the past for regular verbs all you need to do is add “d” to verbs ending in “e” or “ed” to verbs ending with any other letter.

Of course, in the case of irregular verbs, there is no good way to learn them other than by memory!

Here is a list of irregular verbs – I highly recommend that you do NOT try to memorize all of the verbs at the same time, but rather choose 2 or 3 per day. 

Then, to practice what you are learning, you can write simple anecdotes about things in the past.

A trip

A scary moment

A happy moment

You last birthday party

A dream you had

Here is a great example!

What did you do?

The verb “do” presents tons of problems for the majority of new English speakers, but, in fact, it is easy to learn, if done properly.

In Spanish we have 1 verb (hacer) to say what in English is divided between 2 words: Make and Do. The difference between the two are the following:

Make is something that needs constructing of involves a process: 

Make a cake, make your bed, make a cup of coffee, etc.

Do is used for activities or daily chores:

Do your hair, do the dishes, do exercise, etc.

There are also a large amount of phrases that are set using do and make. You can see those here.

aprender-ingles-rosario

But that is not the confusing part. That we understand. The part that confuses us is when the verb do is used as an auxiliary verb.

A WHAT!

An auxiliary verb is a verb used to give support to another verb. We could call it a helper verb. The helper verb used to ask questions and make negative responses is do.

Do you want to go dancing tonight?

or we can use it in the past form:

Did you go dancing last night?

Do you like coffee?

No, I do not like coffee (No I don’t like coffee)

Take a look at the structure below.

Did

you

eat

pizza

yesterday?

Auxiliary verb

Subject pronoun

Verb

noun

adverb

 

So, you can never ever ever ever never say:

Know you him?

Firstly because there is no auxiliary word that makes it a questions.

Secondly because the pronoun is out of order

The correct way to ask the question is:

Do you know him?

Take note

When you ask a questions using do in the past, you will use did, in which case, the verb will be in present simple tense.

Did you do the dishes?

If the answer is a negative response you will use the same structure

No, I did not do the dishes.

If the answer is a positive response, the verb will conjugate into the simple past tense.

Yes, I did the dishes (no auxiliary verb)

A fun way to practice this is by asking your friends what they did last night and taking turns answering the questions.

  • Did you drink wine last night?
  • Did you eat in a restaurant last night?
  • Did you sleep in your bed last night?
  • Did you call your mother last night?
  • Did you make a cake last night?

Song of the Day

Skyfall, Adele

Circle the right words.

This is the end
Hold your breath/ breather and count to ten
Feel the earth move and then
Hear my heart burst again

For this is the end
I’ve drowned/ drowning and dreamt this moment
So overdue I owe them
Swept away, I’m stolen

Let the sky fall
When it crumbles
We will stand tall
Face it all together

Let the sky fall
When it crumbles
We will stand tall
Face it all together
At skyfall
At skyfall

Skyfall is where we start/ end
A thousand miles/ kilometres and poles apart
Where worlds collide and days are dark
You may have my number, you can take my name
But you’ll never have my heart

Let the sky fall/ fell
When it crumbles
We will stand tall
Face it all together

Let the sky fall
When it crumbles
We will stand/ stands tall
Face it all together
At skyfall

[2x]
(Let the sky fall
When it crumbles/ trembles
We will stand tall)

Where you go I go
What you see I see/ saw
I know I’d never be me
Without the security
Of your loving arms
Keeping me from harm
Put your hand in my hand
And we’ll stand

Let the sky fall
When it crumbles
We will stand tall
Face it all together

Let the sky fall
When it crumbles
We will stand tall
Face it all together
At skyfall

Let the sky fall
We will stand tall
At skyfall

Written work: Answer the following questions in an email to me. (info@spanishinrosario.com)
1. Do you think back about your past?
2. Do you have any sweet or bitter memories of your past? Say some?
3. Has one or more memories ever come back to haunt your present? How? How not?
4. Is the past of any importance to the present? Why?